Publisher: John & Charles Walker

Introduction

These maps were published in various forms from 1835 to 1895; they are all approx 320mm high by 290mm wide, and at a scale of approx 1:255,000 (c.4.0 miles to an inch).

The table below lists the five forms in which these maps occurred, with their approximate publication date ranges.

Date Title(s) Notes
1835 - 1870 As separately published sheets Sold as flat sheets, and as sheets folded between hard covers - small ones
coloured green or brown and labelled "Walker's [county]", or larger green
or red covers with no label at all.
1837 - 1870 This British Atlas, As an atlas that started with just the county maps, but then
added maps of Scotland and Ireland, plus some pages of county statistics.
1849 - 1873 Hobson's Fox Hunting Atlas, Taken via lithographic transfers from the underlying copper maps
1880 - 1895 Walker's Fox Hunting Atlas A successor to Hobson after he retired in 1878
1884 - 1887 Lett's Popular County Atlas Another lithographic transfer, with substantial reworking on the stones.

The maps showed the gradual spread of railways across Essex, using black lines engraved on the plates when they became aware of an Act authorising a route to be built, and then hand-drawn red lines over the black lines when a route was open.

Showing the railway routes

The first attempt used a faint pecked black line, followed by a hand drawn yellow line over the printed black line. They then hit their stride using two sets of parallel continuous black lines, that were mostly evenly spaced but sometimes a bit further apart or a bit too close together - and hence looking more like pairs of parallel lines rather than one set of four parallel lines. These were engraved on the plate as they became aware of an Act authorising the development of a new line, which was often several years before the line opened - if it opened at all.

They also used a triple set of parallel black lines, the central one being a little thicker than the outer two, almost as though the two sets of parallel lines were overlapping a mutual line; this became commoner later in the century. Showing lines on the maps was fine, but often these would not reflect the lines that were actually open for use - and hence they hand drew red lines along the tracks that were open. This they seemed to do when selling an atlas or individual map, so in principal you can estimate both the date of a sheet's underlying creation (from the black lines showing an Act being passed) and the date of a sheet's sale (from the red lines showing the open routes) - assuming you know both these dates for each of the routes in any given county!

The red lines were also sometimes drawn without an underlying black line (of any type), where they were using a very old sheet (pre-dating an Act) to make up an atlas for a new sale. In practice the Walkers were rather erratic in their stock control of the individual county sheets, only making up atlases when the need to have one for sale arose; the result of this was that some of their atlases sold in the 1850s had sheets created in the 1849, whereas some atlases dated 1861 and 1862 had sheets created in 1848 (with a lot of extra red lines).

The addition of the red lines over the printed black lines generally makes the red appear very dark, and very often makes it hard to determine whether the underlying printing is two pairs of parallel lines or one set of triple lines.

J&C Walker maps in the various formats

Thumbnail maps Mapmakers, their Atlases and Maps
Thumbnail: Walker 1835

J&C Walker
Walkers' Essex

1835         323mm x 398mm
Extremely early version of the map, in folding form, but with later annotations; sold c.1836.

Thumbnail: Walker 1835

J&C Walker
This British Atlas

1835         321mm x 392mm
Very early version of the map, with no railways; sold c.1835.

Thumbnail: Walker 1835

J&C Walker
This British Atlas

1835         318mm x 395mm
First version of how J&C Walker maps show open railways; sold c.1836.

Thumbnail: Walker 1839

J&C Walker
This British Atlas

1839         321mm x 393mm
The railways grow a little, but the colouring is terrible; sold c.1839.

Thumbnail: Walker 1840

J&C Walker
This British Atlas

1840         317mm x 394mm
Details increase on the map, especially in the south west; sold c.1840.

Thumbnail: Walker 1842

J&C Walker
This British Atlas

1842         321mm x 390mm
More railway lines, and now more accurate; sold c.1843.

Thumbnail: Walker 1846

J&C Walker
This British Atlas

1845         323mm x 398mm
The railways continue to grow; sold c.1846.

Thumbnail: Walker 1846

J&C Walker
Walkers' Essex

1846         323mm x 398mm
A folded version of the above Walker, with later date; sold c.1847.

Thumbnail: Walker 1849

J&C Walker
This British Atlas

1849         320mm x 388mm
Another Walker, this time from an atlas, sold c.1849.

Thumbnail: Walker 1849

J&C Walker
This British Atlas

1849         320mm x 389mm
A folded Walker map, with changes from one above, but also sold c.1849.

Thumbnail: Walker 1849

J&C Walker
Hobson's Fox Hunting Atlas

1849         323mm x 394mm
Four different early Hobson Fox Hunting maps.

Thumbnail: J&C Walker 1855

J&C Walker
This British Atlas

1855         320mm x 388mm
Yet more railways; probably sold c.1856.

Thumbnail: Walker 1859

J&C Walker
Walkers' Essex

1859         319mm x 390mm
Another Walker map; probably sold c.1862.

Thumbnail: Walker 1868

J&C Walker
British Atlas

1868         316mm x 394mm
Incomplete Parliamentary changes; estimated sold c.1869.

Thumbnail: Walker 1870

J&C Walker
Hobson's Fox Hunting Atlas

1870         319mm x 393mm
Hobson Fox Hunting map with contradictions, sold c1872.

Thumbnail: Walker 1871

J&C Walker
Walker's Essex

1871         322mm x 397mm
An old map updated for new railways, sold c.1889.

Thumbnail: Letts 1884

Letts
Letts Popular Maps

1884         322mm x 396mm
Walker map, with added earthquakes.

Thumbnail: Walker/Wyld 1886

James Wyld
Essex

1886         322mm x 406mm
Walker ("Letts") map, now being sold by James Wyld.

Thumbnail: Letts 1887

Letts
Letts Popular Maps

1887         322mm x 397mm
Walker map, without earthquakes but many Constituency changes.

Thumbnail: Walker 1893

J&C Walker
Walker's Fox Hunting Atlas

1893         322mm x 394mm
The end of the line for the Walker maps.

Other information on J&C Walker

Addresses:
1830-36 . . 47 Bernard St, Russel Sq (home 1824-51)
1836-37 . . 3 Burleigh St, Strand
1839-55 . . 9 Castle St, Holborn
1855- . . . . 37 Castle St, Holborn
Taken from British Map Engravers, Worms & Baynton-Williams


Return to the Map publishers main page.


© Peter Walker 2014 - 2017