Mapmakers: Cole / Roper / Dugdale / Archer

Introduction

This series of maps actually takes two forms: those created by Cole & Roper, and those created by Archer; both were used in Dugdale's Curiosities of Great Britain (& elsewhere). The roles of the people were:

  1. G Cole - drew the first type of map
  2. J Roper - engraved the first type of map
  3. Dugdale - wrote and published Dugdale's Curiosities of Great Britain
  4. J Archer - engraved the second type of map

This section thus concerns neither one publisher nor one engraver, let alone one set of maps, but justifies being treated together as they form a connected series running from 1804 to 1860.

Cole & Roper maps

Cole & Roper created their maps for The Beauties of England and Wales by EW Brayley and J Britton. The three-part footing reads
      Engraved by J Roper from a Drawing by by G Cole.
                        London: Published for the Proprietor by Verner & Hood, Poultry Decr 1st 1804.
                                          to accompany the Beauties of England and Wales.

The maps were then used unchanged (with their original individual map dates) in Cole & Roper's The British Atlas in 1810.

The maps were republished in Nightingale's English Topography in 1816 (re-issued in 1818 & 1820) - the maps being totally unchanged (same footings, no plate number, no box around the Explanation table).

The maps next appeared in Dugdale's Curiosities of Great Britain, England & Wales Delineated when first published in 1835 (1836 on the title pages). There are now no imprints across the bottom (not even of Dugdale) and a large 14 in the top right; it has added Polling Booths to the Explanation (which now has a thin line around it with a curved top) and Maltese crosses marking the Polling places on the map. The 1838 edition of Curiosities also uses the Cole & Roper maps.

The maps were also used via a lithographic transfer in Collins' Railway & Pedestrian Atlas of England, 1858.

Archer maps

For the 1842 edition of Dugdale's Curiosities of Great Britain, England & Wales Delineated there is a new set of maps, engraved by J Archer. These maps are used in the subsequent reissues of Curiosities, and then from 1854 to 1860 in 50 weekly parts. The maps are very similar to Cole & Roper's, but are most easily differentiated by the totally new Explanation table, now in two parts.

Archer's imprint is in the bottom right, and there is a small 14 in the top right. There is now a new centered footing - "Engraved for Dugdale's England & Wales Delineated" - on the 1842 & 1843 editions at least, but it is removed by the 1848 edition.

The underlying maps continue unchanged in later editions (eg 1854 & 1860), the sole changes being that railway lines are added from 1842 onwards, showing the progressive spread across the county.

Note: some of the copies of the 1842 Curiosities seem to have used the Cole & Roper maps rather than the Archer maps (for Essex at least).

Examples of the maps

Thumbnail maps Notes
Thumbnail: Cole & Roper 1810

Cole & Roper
1810

The British Atlas         175mm x 223mm
The first incarnation of this long running map.

Thumbnail: Cole & Roper 1816

Cole & Roper
1816

English Topography         175mm x 224mm
Nightingale's reuse of the Cole & Roper maps.

Thumbnail: Dugdale 1835

Dugdale
1835

England & Wales Delineated         177mm x 228mm
The first issue of Dugdale's gazetteer, but using old maps.

Thumbnail: Dugdale 1838

Dugdale
1838

England & Wales Delineated         173mm x 226mm
A new issue of Dugdale's gazetteer starts to add (proposed) railways.

Thumbnail: Dugdale 1842

Dugdale
1842

England & Wales Delineated         179mm x 233mm
A new issue of Dugdale's gazetteer changes to the Archer maps.

Thumbnail: Dugdale 1848

Dugdale
1848

England & Wales Delineated         177mm x 232mm
Dugdale's gazetteer continues with the Archer maps, and adds more railways.

Thumbnail: Dugdale 1854

Dugdale
1854

England & Wales Delineated         179mm x 228mm
Only change is more railways.

Thumbnail: Dugdale 1860

Dugdale
1860

England & Wales Delineated         177mm x 232mm
Only change is more railways.


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© Peter Walker 2017