The table below lists maps of Essex in approximately chronological order, taken from GW Bacon's Atlases and individual County Maps. GW Bacon & Co was active from 1869 to 1922, when George Washington Bacon died and the business was taken over by W & AK Johnston. Click on the thumbnails to get a larger picture and more information.
The dimensions against each cover and each map are Height x Width; for the maps, the measurements are of the outermost neat line of the map (not the size of the sheet of paper).
As a firm it used the plates first used in The Dispatch Atlas and then in Cassell's Atlases to create a long series of folding maps, aimed at cyclists and others, and atlases. The folding maps had covers that changed over time, but a new cover rarely meant a new map (other than railways being updated). The folding maps and atlases had the same original source, but were enlarged and progressively updated (mainly for railways and Parliamentary Divisions) via lithography. The colours on the dimensions below group maps of essentially the same size together.
The following is an approximate sequence of the county maps, based on David Smith's Victorian Maps of the British Isles (1985) which covers up to 1900, RA Carroll's The Printed Maps of Lincolnshire 1576-1900 (1996), plus the Atlases and maps at CUL and my own collection of maps of Essex.
|1863||The Dispatch Atlas, and as
Cassell's Complete County Atlas,
and as Cassell's County Maps
for road and rail
|300 x 425mm||The map of Essex was first published in 1860, and also appeared in Cassell's maps and atlases in 1863.|
|1864||Cassell's British Atlas||300 x 425mm||Copy at CUL.|
|1869||Bacon's Map of [county]||430 x 590mm||Bacon acquired the Cassell plates, and then used them for many years
via lithographic transfer, often, as in this case, enlarging the maps
|1869||Bacon's County Atlas||430 x 590mm||Copy at CUL. Map identical to the 1870 below|
|1869||Bacon's New Tourist Map of [county]||430 x 590mm|
|1870||Bacon's Large Print County Atlas||430 x 600mm|
|1870||Bacon's New Large-Print Map of [county]||430 x 610mm||An example of this is below.|
|1870||Bacon's New Pocket Map of [county]||303 x 430mm||An example of this is below (from 1875)|
|1870||Bacon's New Tourist's Map of
[county] from the Ordnance Survey
|430 x 590mm||by lithographic transfer, enlarging the maps|
|1876||Bacon's New Quarto County Atlas,
Bacon's Map of [county], &
Bacon's New Pocket Map of [county]
|310 x 430mm||using the original dimensions|
|1883||New Large Scale Ordnance Atlas of the British Isles||310 x 460mm||Wider than the "blues" above, this size continues for the
remaining atlases. Republished in 1884 (copy at CUL), 1886 (twice), and 1889 (copy at CUL)
|1888||Map of [county], Bacon's County
Guide and Map of [county]
|310 x 460mm||CUL has copy of County Guide and Map of Essex|
|1891||New Large Scale Atlas of the British
Isles from the Ordnance Survey
|310 x 460mm||Republished in 1893|
|1892||Bacon's County Guide & Map of [county].||457 x 676mm||An example is shown below.|
|1895||Commercial and Library Atlas of the
|303 x 457mm||Republished in 1897, 1898, 1899, 1902 & 1904. CUL has 1895 and
1902. Examples from 1895 and 1904 below.
|1896||Bacon's Map of [county],
Bacon's County Map & Guide of
[county] for Cyclists & Tourists
|455 x 614mm||The folding map of 1892 above has been cut back on the eastern
side. Republished many times, eg in 1897 with Dangerous Hills
added, and later dates. Some examples are shown below.
This map keeps going until at least 1913, when it is also available
as Bacon's Reversible Map - with a county on each side of the
|1907||Bacon's Library Atlas of the British
|305 x 459mm||An example of this is below. CUL has a copy.|
|1907||Bacon's Popular Atlas of the British
|305 x 459mm||This Atlas has the identical maps to the Library Atlas published in
the same year. CUL has a copy.
|1910||Bacon's Atlas of London &
|304 x 458mm||This Atlas uses the same sheets as the other atlases of 1907 above.
An example is shown below. CUL has a copy.
|1920||Bacon's County Map of [county]||428 x 601mm||Smaller maps, at a smaller scale, than the "oranges" above; examples
from 1920 to 1935 are shown below.
|1924||Bacon's County Atlas of England and Wales||304 x 449mm||Republished several times until at least 1931 (even though by then
GW Bacon was dead and the firm had been taken over). Examples
from 1924 and 1931 are below. CUL has a copy.
|1928||Bacon's Cycling & Motoring Map of [county]||340 x 471mm||Despite the name, this is more of a regional map (centred on Essex),
in that the detail continues to the edge of the paper sheet, rather
than cutting off at the county border. An example is shown below.
Bacon's New Large Print Map of Essex, 1870 .
Bacon's New Pocket Map of Essex, 1875.
195 x 125mm containing 432 x 620mm. 173 x 100mm containing 303 x 430mm.
Approx 3 miles to an inch. Approx 4 miles to an inch.
Bacon's Reversible Map, Essex Bacon's Reversible Map, Suffolk.
and Suffolk (1913) and Essex (1913)
178 x 101mm for 457 x 614mm 178 x 101mm for 457 x 614mm
These are the "front" and "back" covers of a single publication, which contains the Essex map on one side and
the Suffolk map on the other side of the stiff paper. The Essex map is the same as the 1913 one above.
Bacon's County Map (1920) Bacon's County Map (1924) Bacon's County Map (1935) Bacon's County Map (1935)
172 x 100mm for 428 x 601mm 170 x 100mm for 428 x 601mm 178 x 109mm for 428 x 601mm 178 x 109mm for 428 x 601mm
Cycling and Motoring East Large Print Motor Map Motoring and Cycling Road Map
Anglia (1902) Eastern Counties (1910) Colchester District (1915)
169 x 99mm for 718 x 616mm 171 x 100mm for 550 x 653mm 173 x 99mm for 616 x 857mm
Large Print Motor Map
Eastern Counties (1925)
205 x 100mm for 494 x 709m
Essex, Hertford, Middlesex and London
235 x 198mm for 870 x 1,124mm
|Thumbnail maps||Mapmakers, their Atlases and Maps|
1883 303mm x 458mm
1895 303mm x 458mm
1904 306mm x 457mm
1907 305mm x 459mm
1910 304mm x 458mm
1913 304mm x 457mm
1924 304mm x 449mm
1931 303mm x 449mm
1862-67 48 Paternoster Row
1866 73 Pentonville Road
1868 337 Strand
1870-19 127 Strand
1919-?? Norwich Street, Fetter Lane, London
Bacon & Co took over the business of James Wyld in 1893.
Taken from British Map Engravers, Worms & Baynton-Williams.
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